Upik Sarjiati


Since 19th century coffee and coffee shop has closely related to economy, politic, social and cultural changes of Japanese society. Coffee shop has transformed into various form to meet the customer’s necessities. This article aims to analyze social history of Japanese coffee shop and how the coffee culture (idea, techniques, and practices) develop in Japan. Data was collected by literature studies, and short observation at diverse coffee shop in Japan. Coffee shops in Japan developed rapidly in near public transportation, shopping and offices area. Coffee shops are not only as sociability place but have developed as workplace. There are many types of coffee shop in Japan such as Kissaten, retail coffee shop and artisan coffee shop. Each type has different characteristics and has different customers. 

Keywords: coffee shop, Japan, industrialization


Sejak akhir abad ke 19, kopi dan kedai kopi terkait erat dengan perubahan ekonomi, politik dan sosial budaya masyarakat Jepang. Kedai kopi mengalami berbagai jenis transformasi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan sosial pelanggan. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memahami bagaimana sejarah perkembangan kedai kopi dan bagaimana budaya kopi (ide, teknik, dan praktek) yang berkembang di kedai kopi Jepang. Tulisan ini merupakan studi pustaka. Observasi singkat berbagai jenis kedai kopi di Jepang dilakukan oleh peneliti untuk melengkapi data sekunder. Kedai kopi di Jepang berkembang pesat di dekat area transportasi, pusat perbelanjaan dan perkantoran. Kedai kopi tidak hanya berfungsi sebagai tempat bersosialisasi, tetapi berkembang menjadi tempat bekerja. Berbagai jenis kedai kopi berkembang di Jepang seperti Kissaten, retail coffee shop, dan artisan coffee shop. Masing-masing kedai kopi memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dan pengunjung yang berbeda-beda. 

Kata kunci: kedai kopi, Jepang, industrialisasi



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